Let us talk more of the contrasts so that you may have a better understanding of the difficulties faced by non Iranians in comprehending their approach to gardens. On the one hand Iranians are notorious for their friendliness and hospitality, their unrestrained emotionality, their love of luxury, the profligate ornamentation of their art and their sense of amour propre, yet their gardens show all the polite formality of their language with its inbuilt metaphors and phrases, its lack of gender and its simple rules of syntax. Here we will see that just as the stylised expressions of the language provide a stable environment within which the most vehement and antithetical emotions can be developed, so the enclosed and carefully structured Pardis, provides a setting in which a wide variety of spiritual and secular activities can also take place.